By Carol A. Newsom
This quantity investigates severe practices during which the Qumran neighborhood constituted itself as a sectarian society. Key to the formation of the neighborhood was once the reconstruction of the identification of person participants. during this means the "self" grew to become an enormous symbolic house for the improvement of the ideology of the sect. individuals who got here to adventure themselves in mild of the narratives and symbolic buildings embedded locally practices may have built the tendencies of affinity and estrangement worthy for the structure of a sectarian society. Drawing on numerous theories of discourse and perform in rhetoric, philosophy, and anthropology, the publication examines the development of the self in critical files: the Serek ha-Yahad and the Hodayot.
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Extra info for The Self as Symbolic Space: Constructing Identity and Community at Qumran (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
36 37 S C A: T R S With written records enjoying an more and more very important function within the dialogue of torah, the scribe’s literacy and services with texts made him a critical determine within the widening circles of these who engaged within the discourse of torah. regrettably, given the character of our assets, a social historical past of the scribe in moment Temple Judaism can't be written. 38 a part of the matter in discussing the function of the scribe is with the vagueness of the time period, which can confer with something from the modestly literate and lowly village scribe to the top executive legitimate. Scribes have been hired in a number of associations and social contexts (in the temple and within the governmental paperwork, by way of inner most landowners and retailers, maybe as lecturers) and with quite a few features (as directors, as jurists, as copyists, and so on. ). even if there's no facts that scribes as such shaped a special social category, there are a few symptoms specialist ethos did emerge, although one during which alterations in addition to similarities will be detected. 39 Already within the past due First Temple interval Jeremiah refers to “handlers of the torah” ( Jer 2:8) and to the fake pen of the scribes that turns torah right into a lie ( Jer 8:8–9). In Jeremiah’s critique those criminal 38 the latest survey of old assets is that of Schams, Jewish Scribes within the moment Temple interval. even if her analyses are tremendous priceless, the usefulness of the paintings is restricted by way of her privileging what one reviewer (Wright, 553) known as the “etymological which means” of the time period sopher. See additionally Orton, the certainty Scribe. Schams (23) criticizes his paintings, with a few justification, for its “conflationist” therapy of the assets. The extra sociologically orientated learn of Saldarini, Pharisees, Scribes and Sadducees, is still in particular useful. See additionally the well-reasoned research of Davies, “Judean Scribes, colleges, data, and Libraries,” in his Scribes and colleges. 39 the kind of scribe i'm curious about this is the single characterised by means of learnedness and for whom learnedness is hooked up with the examine, creation, and interpretation of books. This task and the ethos linked to it I consult with as “scribalism. ” i might additionally distinguish from such self-conscious “scribalism” these folks and groups who're additionally “book orientated” yet for whom scribal actions aren't a admired a part of identification and self-presentation—as for example the Qumran neighborhood. The prestige and which means of books, of the creation of books, and of these who produced them within the combined oral/literate groups of the Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman sessions is intensely advanced. Books functioned there in numerous methods than they do in a print tradition. specially ahead of the advance of the codex, the written ebook within the type of a scroll was once possibly extra vital as a kind of everlasting checklist than as a resource to be usually consulted, although the distinction shouldn't be exaggerated.