Download E-books Nuclear Fusion Research: Understanding Plasma-Surface Interactions (Springer Series in Chemical Physics) PDF

It turned transparent within the early days of fusion examine that the results of the containment vessel (erosion of "impurities") degrade the general fusion plasma functionality. growth in managed nuclear fusion examine over the past decade has resulted in magnetically constrained plasmas that, in flip, are sufficiently strong to damage the vessel buildings over its lifetime. This publication experiences present realizing and ideas to accommodate this closing severe layout factor for fusion reactors. It studies either development and open questions, principally by way of to be had and sought-after plasma-surface interplay info and atomic/molecular info with regards to those "plasma facet" issues.

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Four. 6 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ninety nine ninety nine a hundred and one 102 106 108 109 111 112 113 114 one hundred fifteen 117 117 119 119 Contents IX five Divertor Spectroscopy with Molecular shipping H. Kubo, H. Takenaga, T. Nakano, S. Higashijima, okay. Shimizu, ok. Sawada, S. Kobayashi, the JT-60 group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 1 advent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. 2 Hydrogen Molecules in connected Divertor Plasmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. three Hydrocarbon Molecules in connected Divertor Plasmas . . . . . . . . . . five. four Molecules in indifferent Divertor Plasmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . five. five Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 121 122 127 129 132 133 6 High-Temperature Plasma aspect Diagnostics A. Pospieszczyk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 1 advent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 2 recommendations and techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 2. 1 remark Geometries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 2. 2 assessment tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. 1 correct components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. 2 Carbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. three Hydrocarbons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. four Hydrogen/Deuterium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. five Low-Z Impurities: Oxygen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. 6 Medium-Z Impurities: Neon and Silicon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. 7 High-Z Impurities: Molybdenum and Tungsten . . . . . . . . . . 6. three. eight Atomic Helium Beams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. four Conclusions and suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a hundred thirty five a hundred thirty five 137 137 138 141 141 142 one hundred forty four 147 151 152 154 a hundred and fifty five 158 158 7 X-ray Spectroscopy of excessive n Transitions of He- and Ne-Like Ions in Alcator C-Mod Plasmas J. E. Rice, okay. B. Fournier, E. S. Marmar, J. L. Terry, U. I. Safronova . . . 7. 1 advent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2 test Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. three Code Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. four He-Like and Neighboring Ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. five Ne-Like and Neighboring Ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 6 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 163 a hundred sixty five 166 167 172 178 179 eight High-Temperature Plasmas Diagnostics by means of X-ray Spectroscopy within the Low Density restrict G. Bertschinger, O. Marchuk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 eight. 1 creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 eight. 2 X-ray Spectrometers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 X Contents eight. three Atomic Physics of He-Like Spectra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. three. 1 Excitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. three. 2 Dielectronic Recombination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . eight. three. three Radiative Recombination .

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