One hundred years in the past, Canadians went to the polls to choose the destiny in their nation in an election that raised matters important to Canada’s nationwide independence and its position on this planet. Canadians confronted a transparent selection among unfastened exchange with the us and constancy to the British Empire, and the choices they made in September 1911 assisted in shaping Canada’s political and monetary historical past for the remainder of the century. Canada 1911 revisits and re-examines this momentous flip in Canadian heritage, whilst Canadians actually stumbled on themselves at a parting of the methods. It used to be Canada’s first nice glossy election and one of many first expressions of the start of recent Canada. The poet Rudyard Kipling famously wrote on the time that this election was once not anything below a struggle for Canada’s soul. This e-book will clarify why.
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Extra info for Canada 1911: The Decisive Election that Shaped the Country
7. The journalist M. O. Hammond famous lines of Laurier’s French accessory good into the 1900s. See Paul Bilkey, individuals, Papers and issues (Ryerson, 1940). eight. Augustus Bridle, The Masques of Ottawa (Macmillan, 1921). nine. Oscar Douglas Skelton, lifestyles and Letters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Vol. 2 (Oxford college Press, 1922): 162. 10. See Carman Miller, “Sir Frederick Borden and army Reform, 1896–1911,” Canadian old overview 50, No. three, 1969. eleven. J. L. Granatstein and Norman Hillmer, leading Ministers: rating Canada’s Leaders (Toronto: HarperCollins, 2000): fifty five. 12. Joseph Schull, Laurier: the 1st Canadian (Toronto: Macmillan, 1965): 412. He fees Robert Rumilly’s Histoire de l. a. Province de Québec Vol X (Montreal: Valiquette, 1942): 162. thirteen. so much of this knowledge is drawn from Robert Craig Brown, Robert Laird Borden: A Biography, quantity I, 1854–1914 (Toronto: Macmillan, 1975), Chapters 1 and a pair of. 14. Borden, Memoirs, Vol. 1, 1854–1915 (Toronto: Macmillan, 1938): 18. 15. O. D. Skelton, The existence and Letters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Vol. 2, 386. sixteen. Ibid. , 387. 17. Ibid. , 257. 18. Brown, Robert Laird Borden, 36. 19. Ibid. 20. Schull, 428. 21. Arthur Meighen, “Introduction” in Borden’s Memoirs, Vol. 1, viii. 22. Library and data Canada (LAC), J. S. Willison Papers, Clifford Sifton to J. S. Willison, August 27, 1907, brought up in Paul Stevens, op. cit. , 73–74. 23. LAC, J. S. Willison Papers, Frederick Hamilton to J. S. Willison, July three, 1908. 24. J. Murray Beck, Pendulum of energy: Canada’s Federal Elections (Toronto: Prentice corridor, 1968): 107. 25. LAC, J. S. Willison Papers, Frederick Hamilton to J. S. Willison, November three, 1908. 26. See Juliet Nicolson, the correct summer season: England in 1911 (Toronto: McArthur, 2007). 27. los angeles Patrie, July eleven, 1911: 1. 28. The Globe, July 28, 1911: 1. 29. LAC, Wilfrid Laurier Papers, C-906, 18,315, Laurier to E. H. Lemay, August 1, 1911. 30. Castell Hopkins, ed. , Canadian Annual assessment, 1911 (Toronto, 1912): 371. the entire records that persist with have been taken from pages 371–401. bankruptcy 2 “Grasping for Neptune’s Trident”: The Naval provider invoice One German cruiser within the mouth of the St. Lawrence may perhaps positioned each Quebec farmer into chapter 11. — LORD gray, 1909 The crusade of 1911 relatively began with the rumours of coming near near struggle that have been circulating in London in past due 1908. Laurier’s cupboard had infrequently met after its 3rd re-election while the drawback that might form its new mandate broke out. On December eight, 1908, the British executive realized that the German Fleet had speeded up its procurement software for extra ships that will warrantly it sea supremacy by means of 1912, if no longer quicker. the 1st Lord of the Admiralty instructed that six dreadnought ships have been required instantly, and that one other six be ordered in either 1910 and 1911. The revelation jarred the British govt, on the time led through Liberal Herbert H. Asquith, who had slowed creation to 2 dreadnoughts in 1908. After an acrimonious dispute, the cupboard agreed to the creation of 4 ships in 1909 and 4 extra in 1910 if Germany persevered its construction agenda.